Halina 35X

Is this the worst 35mm camera ever made?

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Halina 35X


The Halina 35X is a 35 mm viewfinder camera made by Haking in Hong Kong (China). It is a copy of the Ranger 35 made by Nihon Seiki. It’s quite compact but heavy. It has the general layout of a miniature Leica, rather like the Yamato Pax 35, though it is not of the same quality. The camera’s back and its bottom are one part which has to be removed to load a film. In the examples pictured, the shutter has to be cocked before each exposure, with a lever on the lens tube. On some examples however, perhaps later ones, the shutter is cocked by advancing the film. On the bottom the camera has the imprinting “Empire made” (ones marked “MADE IN HONG KONG” exist too). Haking produced the 35X for its own brand Halina and for the brands Micronta and Sunscope.


  • Type: viewfinder camera
  • Year of launch: 1959
  • Film format: 24 x 36 mm on standard 35 mm film
  • Lens: 1:3.5 / 45mm Halina Anastigmat (triplet, front and rear elements single coated, middle element uncoated)
  • Focus: Scaled in feet, from 3 ft to infinity
  • Shutter:
    • Two-bladed leaf shutter, with speeds 1/25-1/200 seconds plus B. The shutter is not between the lens elements but behind the lens.
    • Synchronised for flash (‘M’-synchronisation) with a PC socket on the lens tube. Cold shoe on top of camera.
  • Aperture: 1:3.5-1:16 without detents.
  • Film advance: Winding knob, with mechanical frame counter (this counts downwards in the example examined).
  • Rewind: Knob. Film rewind-release is either beside the shutter button (as pictured) or on the base in some examples.
  • Filter size: accepts A36 (36mm) push-on or clamp-on filters (same as collapsible Elmar etc.).
  • Shutter release button threaded for a cable release.
  • 1/4 inch tripod socket in base.
  • Dimensions (width x height x depth): 114 x 76 x 67 mm(4½ x 3 x 2⅝ inch)
  • Weight: 550 g (without lens cap or film)


Source: http://camera-wiki.org/wiki/Halina_35X

The camera in my collection is marked as “MADE IN HONG KONG”